Depending on where you live there may be many or no electric vehicles. At present, electric vehicles are not evenly distributed; most are found in cities and urban centers in countries throughout the World.
In the USA it seems that just 15 cities are home to 30 percent of all hybrids and 41 percent of total EVs. In San Francisco for instance, 1 of 10 new cars sold is a Hybrid or Battery EV. San Francisco combined with Los Angeles make up 25% of total EV sales in the country.
Just five US cities San Francisco (19.5%), Los Angeles (15.4%) , Seattle (8%), New York (4.6%), and Atlanta (4%) make up some 52 percent of the EV market. The map below shows that most charging stations are in or near large urban EV markets.
Electric Vehicles in the world - The EV City Casebook
There are plenty of electric vehicles outside of the USA. In fact, many other countries are actively installing EV infrastructure and promoting EV sales. A consortium of agencies has created the EV City Casebook to document the status and commitment to vehicle electrification. All of the cities and areas in the casebook have their own plans for electrification, some more than others.
Casebook data is probably overly optimistic at this time. The reality in 2013 is somewhat different. Many of the EV goals were set several years ago when the EV outlook was more positive in general. This is not to say that future EV goals will not be met, just delayed.
People are not purchasing battery electric vehicles as much as the data implies they might. This has to do with the high price of batteries, restricted range, and relatively low price of fossil fuels in many regions. EV interest is slow but steady in most places, with a few exceptions.
So, EV goals put forth are slow to catch on. To reach the published numbers in the casebook, most areas will require a very steep growth curve in the next few years. This appears possible if battery prices decrease and the price of fuel further increases. Time will tell.
U.S. Blink Charging Stations concentrated in urban centers
Jan 2013. Data courtesy of Blink EV Project and Google Maps
Vehicle electrification centers in the World - Map courtesy City Casebook See the Electric Vehicle Initiative (EVI) for a detailed EV distribution map.
Over 100 Million eBikes and Scoots in China
Electric Vehicles in the world - Some places not in the Casebook
Following is a partial list of other places and plans not specifically listed in the casebook (except Japan).
Tel Aviv, Israel - Israelites can travel much of their country on a single charge in a modern electric car. It makes sense that the EV would be popular there. The Better Place company has taken advantage of this by placing battery replacement stations strategically throughout the small country.
The EV driver-owner buys the EV, and leases the battery from Better Place for around $300 USD per month. There is a $2,000 startup fee, and rates do vary. Better Places estimates savings of 20% are possible depending on the price of gasoline. The plan is just underway; time will track success.
Oslo, Norway: In Norway, the Nissan Leaf is #13 of 20 top cars sold. The capital city of Norway, lists some 4,000 electric vehicles cruising its streets. The country claims some 3,500 charging posts and 100 fast-charging stations.
The country is busy setting up a network of EV charging stations to top off the cold weather electric fleet. Notice that the Think Electric Car originated in Norway. Besides the Think, some 1,000 Nissan Leaf electric cars have been purchased by Norwegians. In 2012 some 10,000 electric cars were sold to a population of 5 million.
British Columbia: The Government in Vancouver announced a plan to install 570 new charging stations throughout the province. The B.C. government plans to drop some $2.74 million for the infrastructure.
The Province of Ontario announced they will provide $60 million (Canadian) over the next three years to provide for EV infrastructure and other incentives. Quebec will pony up some $30 million to develop EV bus transport in the province.
Reykjavík, Iceland: The land of geothermal energy is now importing Chinese-built electric cars. This seems to be a common sense step in a small country loaded with cheap renewable geothermal energy. How cheap? Try as low as 2.5 cents (US) per kWh! That is just 20% of the average price in the USA.
Russia: There is a demand for the iMiev electric car in Russia. Some 2,000 EV charging stations are being installed in the cities of: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Krasnodar, Samara and Kaluga. Russia's biggest car manufacturer, Autovaz, plans to build its first 100 EILada electric cars in 2012.
China: Although Shanghai is on the Casebook list, there are other huge cities in China that could benefit from the EV. Many Chinese citizens deal daily with a lot of bad air. In addition, China is a big oil importer and would like to be more energy independent. To deal with these issues, the Chinese government has repeatedly announced various EV programs. The latest goals include putting 500,000 EVs on the road by 2015, and 5,000,000 plus by 2020. China today already claims over 100 million eBikes and scooters.
Japan: The land of the rising sun also faces oil import problems and plans many more EVs in the country. The Japanese government wants some 20% of all vehicle sales to be EVs by 2020, with 20 million charging stations installed to support them!
India: Indian Electric Cars are not mentioned in the casebook. The Reva and Tata companies are world leaders in electric car research and production. Despite the high profile, the Reva company only managed to sell 470 units in 2011. The Tata company has fared about the same, stopping production of the Tata Vista in the UK.
New Zealand: New Zealanders may enjoy a new standardization of electric vehicle sale and use. The guidelines called "Deploying Electric Vehicles in New Zealand" has been published by the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority.
Australia: In contrast to some of the EV supporters above, the land down under seems slow to adopt EVs. Some 49 that is correct, fourty nine, electric cars were sold to a population of 22.3 million. Thirty were iMiev, and the rest
mosstly Tesla Roadsters.
French consumers purchased some 5,663 battery electric cars in 2012. This is twice the number sold there in 2011. There are some unique French EVs to choose from, like the Renault Twizy.
Iceland has plenty of Geothermal energy to power its new Chinese electric vehicles
Australia - Electric cars are not exactly jumping off the showroom floors. Only 49 sold in all of 2011.
The Reva NXR - cool EV, slow sales
Where are the eBikes?
The obvious place is China. However, other places are moving along. In Holland, one of five bikes sold is electric.
This country has installed a nitionwide network of fast charges.
The network covers an area the size of West Virginia serving some 1.3 million people. The chargers are installed about 60 kilometers (37 miles) apart in population centers over 5,000.