Electric scooter range like the range of all electric vehicles depends on the type and size of the battery pack, motor, and driving conditions. For most e-scooters,
the range will vary from around 30 to 90 miles. Stand up electric scooters have a range of around 10 to 20 miles. The battery pack size and type is the main factor determining range most of the time.
Lead acid batteries are the standard, and many scooters in the world today are still powered by lead acid battery packs. Most of these scooters are in China where some 21 million units were sold in 2011. There are something like 150 million of these lead acid powered e-bikes on Chinese roads today.
Most lead acid batteries are produced in increments of 12 volts. If you want more than 12 volts, you just hook them up in series. Stand alone 24, 36, and 48 volt lead acid batteries are made, but not as common. Lead acid batteries offer decent range and performance, but suffer from excess size, weight and reduced charge cycles.
The new battery on the block is the Lithium Ion, or Li-Ion battery. Many newer and higher end scooters use Li-Ion packs.
These batteries are roughly 1/3 the size and weight of the lead acid battery, but cost about 3 times as much. They also feature more recharge cycles than the typical lead acid battery. Li-Ion batteries however require a BMS or battery management system (small computer board) to charge them properly.
Batteries and Electric Scooter Range
How can you estimate range from battery types? Take the voltage of the battery times ane amp-hours (AH) to get Watts. That is V x AH = Watts. You can read the amp hours right off of the battery. Most 12 volt scooter batteries come in from 5 to 40 amp hours, but are on the market at over 100 amp hours.
Example for a 40 amp hour, 48 volt pack battery pack: 40 amp hours x 48 volts = 1,920 Watts.
What does this mean for range? It depends on how many Watts your scooter uses per mile. At 40 Watts per mile, 1,920 Watts / 40 Watts per Mile = 48 miles. You can just plug in your own values to get a range estimate for your scooter.